Ngorongoro Crater is set in northern Tanzania, sharing part of the Serengeti plains to the north-west and with the towns of Arusha and Moshi, and Mount Kilimanjaro, to the east, and forms part of the unique Serengeti ecosystem.
A major ecological survey of the Serengeti Reserve (which at the time included the Ngorongoro) by Dr. Bernhard Grizmek and his late son in the 1950’s resulted in the establishment of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in 1959. The oversight and management of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area was provided by the Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area was a pioneering experiment in multiple land use where pastoralism, conservation and tourism could all co-exist under agreement. At the same time, the Serengeti National Park was enlarged and extended northwards towards Kenya border, where is border the Masai Mara National Reserve.
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2. Experiencing Ngorongoro Crater
Ngorongoro aims to maintain the historic balance of people and nature in a way which has not been possible in parts of Africa. At stake are the rich biodiversity and ecology of the Serengeti Plains and Ngorongoro Highlands, the major palaeontological and archaeological sites and the vital water catchment areas. Within all this, man and wildlife have to co-exist without harming or destroying each others habitats. Tourism is vital to provide revenue for the area, has been encouraged and developed, with a respect for culture, and without damaging. the environment. Ngorongoro Crater provides an opportunity to learn about the African contribution to global culture and to understand, its values in today’s world, educational visits are encouraged.Man and his ancestors have lived in the Ngorongoro ecosystem for more than three million years. Evidence of a regional hunter-gatherer culture dates back 17,000 years and it is clear that various tribes have migrated in and out of the area, just as they have done in relatively recent times. By careful management and continuing research, the fragile balance between man and nature is successfully maintained.